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backwardseden
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The Contender
Dylian
Con (against)
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Atheists generally know religion better than those who are religious according to Pew Research

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 11/20/2019 Category: Education
Updated: 2 years ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 869 times Debate No: 123486
Debate Rounds (5)
Comments (62)
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backwardseden

Pro

Before the report is shared, It is asked by Pew Research Center "Test your religious knowledge by taking an interactive quiz. The short quiz includes some questions recently asked in the nationally representative survey that forms the basis of this report. After completing the quiz, You can see how you did in comparison with the general public and with people like yourself. "

No cheating. Be honest.
If you say that you got every question correct after you've answered all of them, You'd be flat out lying. So don't.

Bible
* Which Bible figure is most closely associated with leading the Exodus from Egypt? Moses, Daniel, Elijah, Joseph
* Which figure is most closely associated with killing an enemy with a stone? David, Isaiah, Joshua, Solomon
* Who is most closely associated with willingness to sacrifice his son to obey God? Abraham, Jacob, Cain, Levi
* Who is most closely associated with saving Jews from murder by appealing to king? Esther, Ruth, Sarah, Rebecca
* Which of these is NOT in the Ten Commandments? Golden rule, No adultery, No stealing, Keep Sabbath holy
* Who delivered the Sermon on the Mount? Jesus, Peter, Paul, John
* Where did Jesus live during his childhood and young adulthood? Nazareth, Bethlehem, Jerusalem, Jericho

Elements of Christianity
* Easter Sunday commemorates what? Resurrection, Ascension, Crucifixion, Last Supper
* Which best describes the Trinity? One God in three persons (Father, Son, Holy Spirit), There are three patriarchs (Abraham, Isaac, Jacob), Coming of Christ foretold by three prophets (Elijah, Ezekiel, Zechariah), There are three Gods (Father, Mother, Son)
* Which is the Catholic teaching about bread and wine in Communion? They become actual body and blood of Christ, They are symbols of the body and blood of Christ
* In Catholicism, Purgatory is " where souls are purified before entering heaven, An offering made during confession, Purification process made during self-reflection, Where souls go for eternal punishment
* Which group traditionally teaches that salvation comes through faith alone? Protestantism, Catholicism, Both, Neither
* Prosperity gospel teaches " strong faith leads to financial success and good health, Easier for camel to go through eye of needle than for rich person to enter the kingdom of God, To whom much is given much is expected, God"s blessing is given to the poor who store up treasures in heaven
* What was the religion of Joseph Smith? Mormon, Catholic, Jewish, Buddhist, Hindu

Elements of Judaism
* What best describes Rosh Hashana? New Year, Day of Atonement, Candles lit for eight nights, End of Torah reading
* Which religious tradition is Kabbalah most closely associated with? Judaism, Hinduism, Islam, Zoroastrianism
* What was the religion of Maimonides? Jewish, Mormon, Catholic, Buddhist, Hindu
* When does the Jewish Sabbath begin? Friday, Thursday, Saturday, Sunday

Elements of world religions
* What is the holiest city in Islam, To which Muslims are expected to make a pilgrimage? Mecca, Jerusalem, Medina, Cairo
* Ramadan is " an Islamic holy month, Hindu festival of lights, Jewish prayer for the dead, Festival for Buddha"s birth
* What is the religion of most people in Indonesia? Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Christianity, Sikhism
* Which religious tradition is yoga most closely associated with? Hinduism, Judaism, Islam, Zoroastrianism
* Which text is most closely associated with Hindu tradition? Vedas, Tao Te Ching, Quran, Mahayana sutras
* Which is one of Buddhism"s four "noble truths"? The truth of suffering, Every being has immortal soul, Buddha was perfect, Monotheism
* What is the religion of most people in Thailand? Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism
* What is the religion of most people in Ethiopia? Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism
* Which religion requires men to wear a turban and carry a ceremonial sword? Sikhism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism

Atheism and agnosticism
* An atheist " does NOT believe in God, Believes in God, Is unsure whether God exists, Believes in multiple gods
* An agnostic " is unsure whether God exists, Believes in God, Does NOT believe in God, Believes in multiple gods

Religion and public life
* What does the U. S. Constitution say about religion as it relates to federal officeholders? No religious test necessary for holding office, Sworn in using Bible, Must affirm that all men are endowed by Creator with unalienable rights, Does not say anything
* How many adults in the U. S. Are Jewish? Less than 5%, One-in-ten, One-in-four, Half or more
* How many adults in the U. S. Are Muslim? Less than 5%, One-in-ten, One-in-four, Half or more

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I got two wrong. Let's see how many you get right?

For the remainder of this "debate" it will be a mere copy and paste from the Pew Research Center poll, Thus there will be precious little for me to say, If anything. So if there are intelligent as well as educated arguments I will address them IN THE COMMENTS SECTION.

dsjpk5 is disqualified from the voting procedures as he tries to pretend he's god and thus change the voting structure of who wins and loses here on DDO.
Dylian

Con

Hello,

I respect your opinion but I have my own.

Peü research doesnt nessesarily say that this test is hoü smart you are in religion. And you havent got any statistic that says that athiests knoü more than theists in religion.

Thankyou for reading this argument. İ am going to do the quiz next round

Debate Round No. 1
backwardseden

Pro

1. Which religious groups know what about religion?
Based on religious affiliation (or lack thereof), The groups that display the highest levels of religious knowledge on this survey include Jews (who get an average of 18. 7 out of 32 questions correct), Self-described atheists (17. 9) and self-described agnostics (17. 0). Looked at another way, Seven-in-ten Jewish respondents (69%) answer at least half of the questions correctly, And 21% correctly answer at least 25 of the 32. More than six-in-ten atheists (62%) answer more than half of the survey"s religious knowledge questions correctly, Including 17% who get more than three-quarters right.

Evangelical Protestants also answer an above-average number of questions correctly (15. 5, Compared with 14. 2 among all respondents). Mainline Protestants, Catholics and Mormons closely resemble the general public in their overall levels of religious knowledge, Getting between 13. 9 and 14. 6 questions correct on average.

These overall patterns in scores among religious groups hold true even after controlling for levels of education and other key demographic characteristics such as race, Age and gender. 15

The remainder of this chapter analyzes religious knowledge among different religious groups within key subject areas including the Bible, Christianity, Elements of Judaism, Knowledge of other world religions, Atheism and agnosticism, And religion in public life.
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Knowledge of the Bible
Overall, Americans correctly answer an average of 4. 2 out of the survey"s seven questions about the Bible, Including five about the Old Testament and two about the New Testament. Evangelical Protestants and Mormons are among the top performers on the biblical knowledge questions, Correctly answering an average of 5. 2 and 5. 1 questions, Respectively. Jews also do relatively well, Correctly answering 4. 8 questions, On average. By comparison, Those who say their religion is "nothing in particular" correctly answer fewer than half the questions about the Bible (3. 2). Members of other religious groups fall in between.

Of the four Old Testament figures who featured in the questions, Americans are most familiar with Moses and David. Roughly eight-in-ten U. S. Adults (79%) know that Moses (not Daniel, Elijah or Joseph) was the biblical figure who led the Exodus from Egypt. A similar share (78%) correctly identify David (as opposed to Isaiah, Joshua or Solomon) as the biblical figure who killed an enemy by slinging a stone. Seven-in-ten Americans (69%), Meanwhile, Know that Abraham was the biblical figure willing to sacrifice his son out of obedience to God.

Compared with Moses, David and Abraham, Esther is less well-known. Just 28% of U. S. Adults correctly identify her as the woman who saved the Jews from murder by appealing to King Ahasuerus. Two-thirds of Jews get this question right, Far exceeding the performance of every other religious group on this question. Jews read the Book of Esther (also called the Megillah) and commemorate her feat during the annual holiday of Purim.

The fifth question about the Old Testament quizzed Americans about the Ten Commandments, Asking which of four options is NOT among the 10. Nearly six-in-ten Americans (58%) correctly answer that the Golden Rule " "Do unto others as you would have them do unto you" " is not one of the Ten Commandments. Far fewer say, Incorrectly, That "keep the Sabbath holy" (29%), "do not steal" (3%) or "do not commit adultery" (1%) do not appear in the Ten Commandments.

When it comes to the New Testament, 56% of U. S. Adults know that according to the Bible, Jesus lived in Nazareth (not Bethlehem, Jerusalem or Jericho) during his childhood and young adulthood. And half of the public knows that the Sermon on the Mount was given by Jesus (not Peter, Paul or John).
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Knowledge of Christianity
In addition to the questions about the Bible, The survey contained seven items about elements of Christianity. On average, U. S. Adults correctly answer half (3. 5) of these questions. Evangelical Protestants get 4. 1 of the seven right, On average, On par with atheists (4. 2) and agnostics (4. 1). Catholics (3. 7 questions right, On average) and mainline Protestants (3. 7) are next, Followed by Mormons (3. 4) and Jews (3. 1).

The survey"s most widely known facts about Christianity involve Easter and the Trinity. Eight-in-ten Americans (81%) know that Easter commemorates Jesus" resurrection, And not his crucifixion, Ascension to heaven, Or last supper. A similar share (79%) know that the doctrine of the Trinity holds that there is one God in three persons (the Father, The Son, And the Holy Spirit). Just 3% of those surveyed choose one of the wrong answers to the question about the Trinity, While nearly one-in-five (17%) say they are unsure what the Trinity is.

At the other end of the spectrum, Many Americans struggle with the survey"s questions asking specifically about Protestantism. Just one-fifth of respondents correctly identify Protestantism as the source of the Christian teaching that salvation comes through faith alone (a teaching known since the Reformation by the Latin term sola fide). Others erroneously think sola fide is taught by the Catholic Church or that it is taught in both Protestantism and Catholicism (or neither).

And fewer than one-quarter of Americans (22%) know that the prosperity gospel teaches that those of strong faith will be blessed with financial success and good health. Even among Protestants, Fewer than a third answer these questions correctly (28% on each), Although evangelical Protestants do better than other Protestants on both.

Slightly more than half of Americans (54%) are familiar with the Catholic concept of purgatory, Where the souls of those who have died undergo purification before they enter heaven, But nearly one-quarter of respondents (23%) erroneously think purgatory refers to a place of eternal punishment for the souls of evildoers. A smaller share of U. S. Adults (34%) know that the Catholic Church teaches that during the Mass, The bread and wine used for Communion actually become the body and blood of Christ (a process called transubstantiation); most (55%) say that these are just symbols, According to the church. Catholics are more likely than those in most other groups to get these questions right (71% of Catholics know what purgatory is, And 50% know the church"s teaching on transubstantiation), But even among Catholics, There is a substantial degree of confusion on these topics.

The survey also asked people to identify the religion of Joseph Smith, The founder of Mormonism. A majority of Americans (58%) know Smith"s religion, Including virtually all U. S. Mormons (97%).
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Knowledge of Judaism
The survey included four questions about elements of Judaism. Jews answer most of these questions correctly, Getting 3. 1 out of the four questions right. Members of other religions answer fewer right, Ranging from 0. 5 questions correct, On average (among members of the historically black Protestant tradition), To 1. 3 questions (among atheists).

Overall, Roughly three-in-ten Americans (29%) know that the Jewish Sabbath begins on Friday (not Thursday, Saturday or Sunday). 16 One-quarter (27%) know that Kabbalah is associated with Judaism (not Hinduism, Islam or Zoroastrianism), And 24% know that the holiday of Rosh Hashana marks the Jewish New Year (not the Day of Atonement, A festival in which candles are lit for eight nights, Or the celebration of the end of the Torah reading cycle).

Just 13% of U. S. Adults know that Maimonides was Jewish (not Catholic, Buddhist, Mormon or Hindu), Making that one of the most difficult questions in the survey. Jews answer this question correctly at much higher rates than the public overall, With 58% getting it right. But even among Jews, 6% select an incorrect answer to the question and 36% say they are unsure.
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Knowledge of Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism and Sikhism
The survey included six questions about world religions other than Christianity and Judaism (two about Islam, Two about Hinduism, One about Buddhism and one about Sikhism), And Americans answer an average of 2. 5 of these questions correctly. Atheists (3. 6), Agnostics (3. 5) and Jews (3. 5) do the best on this set of questions. (The survey did not include enough interviews with Muslim, Hindu, Buddhist or Sikh respondents to permit analysis of their levels of religious knowledge. )

About six-in-ten Americans (62%) know that Mecca (not Cairo, Jerusalem or Medina) is Islam"s holiest city, To which Muslims have a religious obligation to make a pilgrimage at least once during their lifetime, If they are able to do so. And a similar share of the public (60%) knows that Ramadan is an Islamic holy month (and not a Hindu festival of lights, A Jewish prayer for the dead, Or a festival celebrating Buddha"s birth).

Half of the public correctly identifies yoga as most closely associated with Hinduism (not Judaism, Islam or Zoroastrianism). But when asked to choose which text is most closely associated with Hinduism " the Tao Te Ching, Vedas, Quran or Mahayana Sutras " just 15% of Americans correctly select the Vedas.

Roughly one-in-five members of the public know that one of Buddhism"s four "noble truths" is the "truth of suffering" (18%); 22% incorrectly cite the idea that every living being has an immortal soul, While 5% say " wrongly " that one of Buddhism"s "noble truths" is that the Buddha was perfect and free from sin. About half of Americans say they are unsure (53%).

More U. S. Adults (42%) know that Sikhism is the religious tradition in which men are generally required in public to wear a turban, Such as the one pictured to the right, And to carry a ceremonial sword or small dagger. About one-in-five people incorrectly choose Islam (18%) or Hinduism (17%) in response to this question, While 3% choose Buddhism and one-in-five say they are unsure of the correct answer (20%).
Dylian

Con

Hello,

Nice statistics you copied and pasted.

I wonder if it is copyright to not reference it.

(Please show the URL)

Thankyou,
and Have a nice day!
Debate Round No. 2
backwardseden

Pro

The religious composition of Thailand, Indonesia and Ethiopia
To gauge what Americans know about the religious makeup of different parts of the world, The survey asked respondents to name the majority religion in three countries " Thailand, Indonesia and Ethiopia " each of which has a different majority religion.

More than four-in-ten Americans (45%) know that most people in Thailand are Buddhists. But far fewer correctly answer that most people in Indonesia are Muslims (26%), Even though Indonesia has the world"s largest Muslim population.

Even fewer (19%) know that most people in Ethiopia identify as Christian. A similar share (20%) incorrectly say that most people in Ethiopia are Muslim, And fully half of Americans (51%) are unsure of the right answer. (As of 2010, Ethiopia was roughly 63% Christian and 35% Muslim, According to Pew Research Center estimates. )
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The size of U. S. Religious minorities
Both Jews and Muslims make up small shares of the U. S. Population (about 2% of American adults are Jews and 1% are Muslims). But few Americans are aware of this fact. Just one-quarter of survey respondents (26%) correctly say that Muslims make up less than 5% of U. S. Adults, And one-in-five respondents (19%) say that Jews make up less than 5% of the population. Most Jews themselves (60%) are able to correctly identify the proportion of Jewish adults in the U. S. (There were not enough Muslim respondents in the survey to determine whether Muslims generally know what share of the U. S. Population they constitute. )

Some Americans mistakenly think that the Muslim American and Jewish American populations are much bigger than they are, And even more people say they don"t know. While 16% of Americans incorrectly answer that Muslims make up more than 5% of the population, More than half of respondents (57%) say they are unsure about the size of the U. S. Muslim population or decline to answer the question. Meanwhile, A quarter of U. S. Adults think Jews are more numerous than is actually the case, While 56% say they are unsure (or offer no response).
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Knowledge about atheism and agnosticism
Most Americans know that an atheist is someone who does not believe in God. Indeed, 87% of U. S. Adults correctly answer this question, The highest share of correct responses on any religious knowledge question in the survey. Nearly all self-identified atheists and agnostics included in the survey get this question right (97% each), As do smaller majorities of members of other religious groups.

Six-in-ten respondents correctly define an agnostic as someone who is unsure whether God exists (61%). At the high end, Nine-in-ten agnostics (90%) and atheists (89%) correctly answer this question, Although 10% of people who identify as agnostics either define the word incorrectly (9%) or say they are not sure what it means (1%).

Looked at another way, Most Americans correctly answer the questions about both atheism and agnosticism (60%). One quarter of adults (28%) know what an atheist is but not what an agnostic is, While just 1% can define "agnostic" but not "atheist. " One-in-ten U. S. Adults (11%) are unfamiliar with both terms.
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Knowledge about religion in the U. S. Constitution
The survey included one question that explored what the public knows about the U. S. Constitution and religion. About a quarter of Americans (27%) correctly answer that the Constitution specifies that "no religious test" " i. E. , A requirement to adhere to a particular religion or religious belief " shall ever be required to hold public office. One-in-seven U. S. Adults (15%) incorrectly say that the Constitution requires federal officeholders to affirm that all men are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights, 12% say the Constitution requires federal officeholders to be sworn in on the Holy Bible, And 13% think the Constitution says nothing about religion as it relates to federal officeholders.

Half of atheists answer this question correctly (55%), While about four-in-ten agnostics (41%) and Jews (38%) get it right. Like the public overall, About a quarter of mainline Protestants (27%), Catholics (26%), Mormons (23%) and those who say their religion is "nothing in particular" (23%) know that no religious test is necessary for holding public office under Article Six of the Constitution. (The survey question did not ask about the First Amendment, Which says that Congress "shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, Or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. ")
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2. Factors linked with religious knowledge
Religious affiliation is just one of several factors linked with religious knowledge. The survey shows, For example, That religious knowledge is also very closely linked with how many years of schooling a person has received. In addition, A variety of other educational traits " such as making efforts to learn about one"s own religion or other religions, Or taking a class about world religions " help to explain differences in religious knowledge.

Another key factor linked to religious knowledge is knowing people who belong to different religious groups: Americans with more religiously diverse social circles tend to know more about religion.

Demographic characteristics also are associated with religious knowledge. Men perform better on the survey than women, Whites do better than blacks and Hispanics, And older people score higher than younger people.

This chapter examines differences in knowledge about religion first by education and then by other demographic traits and social connectedness.
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More education is linked with more religious knowledge
People with higher levels of education tend to be more knowledgeable about religion. College graduates get an average of 18. 2 out of 32 religious knowledge questions right, Including 18% who answer 25 or more correctly. Within this group, People who have a postgraduate degree do especially well, Averaging 19. 3 out of 32 questions correct, Including one-quarter who answer at least 25 questions right (24%).

Scores are lower among respondents with less education. Among people who have some college experience, The average number of correct answers is 14. 0. Those who have a high school diploma or less education get 11. 0 questions right, On average.

Americans who have taken a class about world religions (in high school or college, For example) answer 17. 3 questions right, On average, Compared with 12. 5 among those who have not taken such a class. Most people who have taken a world religions class (57%) correctly answer more than half of the religious knowledge questions, While just 28% of those who have not taken a world religions class do as well.

The survey included several other questions that explore how Americans may have learned what they know about religion. Christians who say they regularly engage with material about their own faith " be it scripture, Websites, Podcasts, Books, Magazines or television " correctly answer more questions about the Bible and Christianity than those who do this less often (9. 4 out of 14, On average, Vs. 6. 8). Similarly, Evangelical Protestants who do things to learn about their religion at least once a month give right answers to roughly three more questions about the Bible and Christianity, On average, Than other evangelical Protestants do (10. 2 vs. 6. 9).

And Christians who spend time learning about religions besides their own at least once a month tend to know more about world religions than do Christians who engage with material about other religions less often.

The survey also asked respondents what kind of schools they attended during their childhood. Christians who went to religious private schools tend to get more questions right about the Bible and Christianity than do those who went to either public schools or nonreligious private schools (9. 4 vs. 8. 0). Additionally, Christians who attended more years of Sunday school, CCD or some other form of religious education generally answer more questions about the Bible and Christianity correctly. For example, Christians who attended Sunday school or a similar program for at least seven years correctly answer an average of 9. 0 of the 14 questions about Christianity and the Bible, While those who attended for three or fewer years get 7. 3 questions right, On average.
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Young adults display lower levels of religious knowledge
Gender, Race and ethnicity, Age, And marital status also are associated with differing levels of religious knowledge. For instance, Americans ages 65 and older correctly answer 16. 0 questions, On average, While adults under 30 get fewer questions right (11. 9). And whites get an average of 15. 4 questions right, Compared with 10. 5 among black adults and 11. 7 among Hispanics.

In addition, Men get more questions right, On average, Than women (15. 5 vs. 13. 0). 17 And married people perform better than unmarried people (15. 3 vs. 13. 1).

Politically, Republicans and those who lean toward the Republican Party (14. 8 questions right, On average) score slightly higher than Democrats and Democratic leaners (14. 1). This is mainly because Republicans do slightly better than Democrats on the survey"s questions about Christianity and the Bible (8. 3 right, On average, Among Republicans vs. 7. 4 among Democrats). However, Differences in levels of religious knowledge by party identification disappear after controlling for other factors more closely associated with religious knowledge (see Chapter 3).

Similarly, While people living in the West (14. 8) and Northeast (14. 7) score higher, On average, Than those who live in the South (13. 6), These differences also disappear after controlling for other factors.
Dylian

Con

Yeah i couldnt do the test there üas no url

İ guess the debate is in the comments
Debate Round No. 3
backwardseden

Pro

Those who say they know "a lot" about many religions answer more knowledge questions correctly
The survey sought to explore whether respondents who say they know a lot about religion actually get more religious knowledge questions right. It included a battery of questions asking respondents how much they personally know about evangelical Christianity, Catholicism, Mormonism, Judaism, Islam, Atheism, Buddhism, Hinduism and mainline Protestantism " "a lot, " "some, " "not much" or "nothing at all. " The survey shows that knowing "a lot" about many religions is associated with answering more questions right about the Bible and Christianity and world religions, As well as getting more religious knowledge questions right overall " even after religious affiliation and other demographic characteristics are taken into account.

For example, Those who say they know a lot about evangelical Christianity, Mainline Protestantism, Catholicism and Mormonism correctly answer more questions about the Bible and Christianity than those who do not know a lot about these religions. Those who say they know a lot about at least three of these religions correctly answer an average of 11. 1 out of 14 questions about the Bible and Christianity. By comparison, Those who do not know "a lot" about any of these four religions get 5. 8 of the 14 questions right, On average.

The same is true for those who say they know a lot about Judaism, Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism. Those who say they know a lot about three or more of these groups correctly answer 8. 3 out of 13 questions about world religions. However, Those who do not know "a lot" about Judaism, Islam, Buddhism or Hinduism answer 3. 7 questions right, On average.

Overall, Those who say they know a lot about at least seven of the groups correctly answer 23. 0 of the 32 religious knowledge questions, On average. By comparison, Those who say they know "a lot" about three or fewer groups get an average of 13. 2 questions right.
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Americans with religiously diverse social networks answer more religious knowledge questions correctly
The survey included a set of questions that asked respondents whether they personally know someone who is an evangelical Christian, Catholic, Mormon, Jewish, Muslim, Atheist, Buddhist, Hindu or mainline Protestant. Across the board, Knowing someone who identifies with one of these religions is correlated with knowing more about that religion.

For instance, Americans who say they know a Jewish person are at least twice as likely as those who do not know anyone who is Jewish to answer the survey"s questions about Judaism correctly. For example, More than one-third of those who know someone who is Jewish correctly answer that the Jewish Sabbath begins on Friday (36%), While only 14% of those who do not know someone who is Jewish get this question right.

Similarly, Three-quarters of people who know a Muslim correctly identify Mecca as the holy city to which Muslims make a required pilgrimage (76%), And a similar share know that Ramadan is an Islamic holy month (76%). Fewer people who do not know someone who is Muslim know that Mecca is Islam"s holiest city (50%) or that Ramadan is an Islamic holy month (46%).

Similar patterns exist when it comes to knowing someone who is Hindu, Buddhist or atheist, And correctly answering questions about these topics.

Overall, People who have the most religiously diverse social networks tend to answer more religious knowledge questions correctly. For instance, Those who say they know people from at least seven of the nine religious groups asked about in the survey answer 19. 0 questions right, On average. By comparison, Those who know someone from four to six of the religious groups get 14. 5 right, And respondents who know someone from three or fewer religious groups answer an average of 8. 6 questions correctly.
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Churchgoing Christians tend to have more knowledge of the Bible and Christianity
Does being highly engaged in one"s own religion increase overall levels of religious knowledge? For Christians, The answer appears to be yes.

The survey asked respondents several questions about religious commitment, Including how often they attend religious services, How important religion is in their lives, And how often they pray. Christians who are religiously observant (that is, Those who attend religious services at least weekly, Pray daily, Or say religion is very important in their lives) earn higher scores on the survey"s questions about the Bible and Christianity than Christians who do these things less often.

But on questions related to other world religions, The relationship between religious commitment and religious knowledge is less clear. For example, Christians who say religion was very important to them when they were growing up correctly answer more questions about world religions (Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism and Sikhism) than Christians who say religion was not too or not at all important to them as children (4. 2 vs. 3. 5, On average). And Christians who attend religious services most regularly correctly answer slightly more questions about world religions, On average, Than do Christians who seldom or never attend religious services (4. 1 and 3. 8, Respectively). But Christians who say religion is "very important" in their lives correctly answer fewer questions about world religions than Christians who say religion is "not too" or "not at all" important to them.

The survey included too few interviews with members of non-Christian faiths (Jews, Muslims, Buddhists, Hindus and others) to permit analysis of whether their levels of involvement with their respective faiths are correlated with religious knowledge.
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3. How strongly are religious, Social and demographic factors linked with religious knowledge?
The results of the survey suggest that there are many traits that are linked with levels of religious knowledge. These include demographic factors, Such as age and education, As well as religious affiliation.

But which of these traits are strongly connected with greater knowledge, And which are related only tangentially, If at all? This chapter attempts to answer this question, Based on a technique known as multiple regression analysis.

The multiple regression analysis begins with a statistical model that includes seven main variables: religious affiliation, Education level, Race and ethnicity, Gender, Age, Region, And marital status. It considers the impact of each of those variables independent of the others. Then the analysis adds into the model, One at a time, Several other possible factors associated with religious knowledge, Such as religious service attendance, Whether the respondent has ever taken a class about world religions, Or whether they personally know members of several different religious groups. For example, This analysis shows whether religious service attendance is related to religious knowledge, Independent of religious affiliation and other demographic characteristics. This produces a picture of how much each factor contributes to people"s performance on the religious knowledge survey, Independent of the other variables. Put somewhat differently, This method of analysis imagines a survey respondent who is completely typical in all ways but one and calculates the impact of that one factor on the respondent"s level of religious knowledge.

These analyses confirm that educational attainment is among the leading predictors of higher religious knowledge. Having a college degree is associated with an additional 3. 6 correct answers than the national average, Even after religious affiliation and other demographic characteristics are taken into account. By comparison, Having a high school education or less is linked with 2. 9 fewer correct answers, On average, Than the national average. Thus, With all else held equal, Having a college degree makes a difference of 6. 5 additional correct answers (out of 32 possible in this survey) compared with someone with a high school education or less.

Holding other factors constant, People who have more religiously diverse social networks also tend to answer more religious knowledge questions correctly. For example, Those who say they know people from at least seven of the nine religious groups asked about in the survey answer 3. 5 more questions right, On average, Compared with the national mean. Not only that, But people who know members of just three religious groups or fewer answer an average of 3. 9 fewer questions correctly (compared with the national average). That means the difference between knowing people from a large number of religious groups, Compared with knowing people in only a few groups, Accounts for about seven correct answers on the quiz.

This does not necessarily mean that building social connections with people from many religions directly leads to increased religious knowledge. It could be that people with more religious knowledge are more likely to form these connections in the first place. Yet another possibility is that people who know the most about religion could be more likely to be aware that members of their social circles identify with a variety of faiths. Or it could be a combination of these factors.

Religious affiliation also remains a good predictor of religious knowledge in these models. Even after education, Race and other factors are considered, It is still the case that atheists, Jews, Agnostics and evangelical Protestants perform better than other religious groups on this survey. Compared with the national average, Atheists get an additional 2. 4 questions correct, Jews 2. 3 questions, Agnostics 1. 7 questions and evangelicals 1. 4 questions.
Dylian

Con

Nice Copy and Paste, You can't even Reference the source!
Debate Round No. 4
backwardseden

Pro

At the other end of the spectrum, Members of the historically black Protestant tradition and those who say their religion is "nothing in particular" trail other groups even after demographic factors are taken into account. Mainline Protestants, Catholics and Mormons fall in the middle and more closely resemble the general public.

After controlling for other factors (age, Sex, Education, Race and ethnicity, Marital status, Region, And religious affiliation), Those who say they attend religious services at least weekly answer 1. 6 more questions correctly than the national average. Those who seldom or never attend religious services correctly answer 0. 6 questions fewer, On average, Compared with the national average.

In addition to religious affiliation and demographics, Researchers included five measures of religious education in a model: how often respondents spend time learning about their own religion, How often they spend time learning about other religions, Whether they have taken a world religions class, What type of school they attended between kindergarten and 12th grade (religious private school or nonreligious public or private school), And how many years they attended Sunday school or similar religious education (if any). All five of these factors were included in the regression model together. Each factor is independently related to religious knowledge.

Americans who say they do things each month to learn about their own religion " such as reading scripture, Visiting websites, Listening to podcasts, Reading books or magazines, Or watching television " correctly answer an average of 1. 1 questions more than the national average. By contrast, Those who make less frequent efforts to learn about their religion tend to earn below-average scores. Those who regularly do things to learn about other religions (that are not their own) also score higher.

People who have taken a class on world religions get 1. 4 more questions right (out of 32) than the national average of 14. 2, Even after controlling for demographic factors, Religious affiliation and other forms of religious education. Those who attended religious private schools as children also perform better, Giving an extra 1. 3 correct answers than the national average. And people who attended Sunday school, CCD or a similar type of program for many years when growing up get nearly one additional question right.

These relationships hold when looking specifically at the questions about the Bible and Christianity or at the questions about world religions " with one exception. Learning about one"s own religion is not significantly associated with improved knowledge about world religions; rather, Learning about one"s own religion is associated only with improved knowledge of topics related to the Bible and Christianity, Reflecting the fact that most Americans identify religiously as Christians. 18

Holding other factors constant, Black and Hispanic respondents score significantly lower on the religious knowledge survey than do whites. And women score lower on the quiz than do men. Americans who are 65 or older answer 1. 3 additional questions correctly, On average, Compared with the national mean, While adults under 30 score 1. 8 questions lower than the national average. And those who are currently married get slightly more questions right than those who are not.

Once education, Race and other factors are considered, Democrats and those who lean toward the Democratic Party answer about as many questions right as do Republicans and Republican leaners.

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4. Feelings toward religious groups
The survey included some questions designed to see whether higher levels of religious knowledge tend to go hand in hand with more positive attitudes toward various religious groups.

Overall, The answer is "yes. " In general, Respondents who are highly knowledgeable about a religious group tend to express relatively warm feelings toward that group, And respondents who are most knowledgeable about religions overall tend to express relatively warm feelings toward a variety of religious groups. There are, However, Some exceptions to this pattern, Which are outlined below. And of course, The causal arrow also could go in the other direction " a person who feels warmly toward a religious group may be more likely to learn more about that group.

In the U. S. , No major religious group is viewed more warmly by the overall public than Jews. When asked to rate a variety of groups on a "feeling thermometer" ranging from 0 (coldest and most negative) to 100 (warmest and most positive), Americans give Jews an average rating of 63 degrees, And four-in-ten people rate Jews in the warmest portion of the scale (at 67 degrees or higher).

Several other religious groups also receive ratings that are, On balance, More warm than cold. Catholics and mainline Protestants each receive an average rating of 60 degrees, Followed closely by Buddhists (57 degrees), Evangelical Christians (56 degrees) and Hindus (55 degrees). All of these groups receive more ratings at the warmest end of the scale (67 or higher) than at the coldest end of the scale (33 or lower).

At the colder end of the spectrum, Atheists and Muslims each receive an average thermometer rating of 49 degrees from the public. As many people rate atheists at the coldest end of the scale (33 degrees or below) as rate them at the warmest end of the scale (67 or higher). Mormons earn an average rating of 51 degrees.

The remainder of this chapter assesses the link between familiarity with (as well as knowledge about) religious groups and feelings (warmth or coldness) toward those groups. The analyses that follow exclude members of the group being rated; that is, They assess the views that non-Catholics have of Catholics, The views that non-Muslims have of Muslims, Etc.
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Familiarity with a religion leads to more favorable views
People who are more familiar with a religion tend to express more favorable views of members of that faith. The survey makes this clear in a couple of ways. First, Those who say they personally know someone from a religious group express warmer views of that group.

For example, The average thermometer rating given to atheists by people who are not atheists themselves but personally know someone who is an atheist is 51 degrees. By contrast, The average thermometer rating given to atheists by people who do not personally know any atheists is much colder: 38 degrees.

Similarly, The average rating given to Catholics by non-Catholics who personally know a Catholic is a warm 58 degrees. But among those who do not know someone who is Catholic, The average rating given to Catholics is a cool 45 degrees.

Those who know a Mormon rate Mormons just 3 degrees more warmly than those who do not know anyone who is Mormon. Nevertheless, The general pattern (warmer ratings from those who know a member of the group) holds for all religions measured in the survey, Even after controlling for other factors associated with the thermometer ratings of religious groups (including education, Age, Sex, Respondent"s own religious affiliation, Etc. ).

People who are more familiar with a religion tend to express more favorable views of members of that faith. The survey makes this clear in a couple of ways. First, Those who say they personally know someone from a religious group express warmer views of that group.

For example, The average thermometer rating given to atheists by people who are not atheists themselves but personally know someone who is an atheist is 51 degrees. By contrast, The average thermometer rating given to atheists by people who do not personally know any atheists is much colder: 38 degrees.

Similarly, The average rating given to Catholics by non-Catholics who personally know a Catholic is a warm 58 degrees. But among those who do not know someone who is Catholic, The average rating given to Catholics is a cool 45 degrees.

Those who know a Mormon rate Mormons just 3 degrees more warmly than those who do not know anyone who is Mormon. Nevertheless, The general pattern (warmer ratings from those who know a member of the group) holds for all religions measured in the survey, Even after controlling for other factors associated with the thermometer ratings of religious groups (including education, Age, Sex, Respondent"s own religious affiliation, Etc. ).

The survey also finds that those who are most knowledgeable about a religion " as measured by the survey"s knowledge questions " tend to rate the religion"s adherents most favorably. For instance, Buddhists receive an average thermometer rating of 67 degrees from non-Buddhists who correctly answer both of the survey"s Buddhism-knowledge questions, But just 53 degrees from those who answer neither question about Buddhism correctly.

Similarly, The average thermometer rating given to Hindus is 11 degrees warmer among non-Hindus who answer both of the survey"s Hinduism-knowledge questions correctly than among those who answer neither of the Hinduism questions correctly. Jews and atheists also are rated more warmly by those most knowledgeable about Judaism and atheism.

However, The differences in ratings of Catholics and Muslims are not statistically significant once other factors associated with thermometer ratings, Including a variety of demographic traits, Are taken into account. (The survey included just one quiz question directly related to Mormonism and no questions specific to evangelical or mainline Protestantism, So it is not possible to assess the link between knowledge of those faiths and their resulting thermometer ratings. )

Similarly, Those who correctly answer more religious knowledge questions overall tend to express warmer feelings towards most religious groups of which they are not a part. For example, Jews receive an average thermometer rating of 70 degrees from non-Jews who correctly answer at least 25 of the 32 religious knowledge questions.
Dylian

Con

Gucci sh1t
Debate Round No. 5
62 comments have been posted on this debate. Showing 1 through 10 records.
Posted by backwardseden 2 years ago
backwardseden
The survey from the Pew Research Center poll for "Test your religious knowledge by taking an interactive quiz" ran out of space in the arguments with too many characters. But no need to worry
here's the rest. And hey, This will be posted again shortly at any rate. . .

By comparison, Jews are rated at 54 degrees among those who get eight or fewer questions right.

Compared with those who answer the fewest religious knowledge questions correctly, Feelings toward Buddhists, Hindus, Mainline Protestants, Atheists and Muslims also are warmer among people who get more religious knowledge questions right.

One notable exception to this pattern is evangelical Christians. 19 Respondents who answer at least 25 religious knowledge questions rate evangelicals more coolly (43 degrees, On average) than those who correctly get eight or fewer questions right (53 degrees). The survey also shows little connection between overall levels of religious knowledge and views of Mormons and Catholics, Once demographic factors are taken into account.
Posted by Anonymous03 2 years ago
Anonymous03
Backy, You're easily the scummiest person I've seen on the Internet. Your hobby is raging at religious people online for f*ck's sake.
Posted by Anonymous03 2 years ago
Anonymous03
backwardseden calling other people lowlife is the epitome of hypocrisy.
Posted by Dylian 2 years ago
Dylian
The question in the polls don't sho" that athiests kno" more than theists in religion. The religions questions are mixed and therefore factor Jewish and athiests

İ am a 15year old, But not a dildo. Please do not name me a dildo. Don't be like Gabe.
Posted by mk6520 2 years ago
mk6520
@backy
"AND it did the worst thing possible and did it to my friends, 62 of them who are now dead. And as I have told a stud like you 4 to murder, 4 to cancer including my mother, 4 to suicide, 6 to drug and alcohol abuse, 2 were hit by drunk drivers, And the rest was natural. "
This proves that you lost your loved ones. Just because it happened to you that doesnt mean you spread hate everywhere you go, Spread kindness instead, Show sympathy.

"Awe MkDick I d know more than a christian, Especially a teeny bopper christian like you because I took the test and only got 2 wrong whereas you'd completely fail and get half wrong, At least because I unlike you am not afraid of your unproven god religion and bible. "
Amazing! Assuming something without proof lol.
Posted by backwardseden 2 years ago
backwardseden
Awe MkDick I d know more than a christian, Especially a teeny bopper christian like you because I took the test and only got 2 wrong whereas you'd completely fail and get half wrong, At least because I unlike you am not afraid of your unproven god religion and bible.
I also gave you the chance to prove yourself, Not once but twice more. You failed both times. You did not want to have a nice friendly debate with me on sin. You also will under no circumstance take your ideals on sin to 20 different churches within a 20 mile radius with YOUR B. S. Ideas because YOU 100% know they are B. S. Case closed. You lose as always. This is why you have no genuine friends or loved ones is because you are full of s--t. There. I backed up what I said with EVIDENCE and truth. You've never done that. How does it feel to be the lowlife that you are, To constantly exist in the dark and in the rain and all alone in this world? I'm not and you truly hate me for it. Oh and one more thing that I never got to say, You cannot psychoanalyze me. Sure I've told you a lot about my past and things that go on right now, And I've told you nowhere near everything, Would you like me to tell you a lot more and about others who have had ot a lot worse snookums? But if this was a game of poker, I'd take all of your chips before you were to even to have sat down to the game. Yeah you are far too stupid to get that supposing that your unproven god even has the slightest chance of existing, Then it put me through this s--t and continues to do as such with constant horrific pain in my hands that would cause you to commit suicide. AND it did the worst thing possible and did it to my friends, 62 of them who are now dead. And as I have told a stud like you 4 to murder, 4 to cancer including my mother, 4 to suicide, 6 to drug and alcohol abuse, 2 were hit by drunk drivers, And the rest was natural. You have no idea what true suffering is that according to you your god puts people through. Its B. S.
Posted by backwardseden 2 years ago
backwardseden
@Anonymous03 - Oh don't you worry your happy hairy hard off none, This close to exact debate will be posted again sometime in the near future since you teeny boppers are ruly afraid of your god and you also have no idea what you are talking about when it comes to your religion, Unproven god, And bible as you and your doce-e-duh pen vibrators teeny boppers with their hands in their pockets ready to spring a matzoh on their you know where areas for the snack crackle and poop.
Posted by backwardseden 2 years ago
backwardseden
@Dylian "how does Pew research even know the knowleddges of people? " That has got to be one of the dumbest questions of all time. Only a 15 year old rusted shut dildo with no batteries for his brain would ask something so completely ignorant and stupid. They know because they take POLLS you complete weeding whacker for his toupee and they do RESEARCH unlike EVERYBODY who is too scared and afraid who is religious because they know that they will fail this test because they know nothing about their religion, God and bible and yet they pretend that they do so they have no business in even making attempts to try to lecture others on their religion or believing in it WITHOUT EVIDENCE.
Posted by Anonymous03 2 years ago
Anonymous03
this is just a long-winded way to say that backy's dementia made him forget the link.
Posted by backwardseden 2 years ago
backwardseden
@Dylian - Since you refused to debate, And since you broke your word to take the test, The link will not be revealed.
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